Youssef Al Qaradawi

 Sheikh Youssef Al Qaradawi

 Il est le président de l'Union Internationale des Savants Musulmans (oulémas).

 

Sheikh Youssef Al Qaradawi est né en 1926 à Saft At-Turâb, dans la province de Gharbiyyah en Égypte. A l’âge de 10 ans, le jeune Youssef achève la mémorisation du Coran. Il poursuit ses études à l’institut azharite de la ville de Tantâ. Neuf années plus tard, il obtient le diplôme sanctionnant le cycle d’enseignement secondaire. Il se rend alors au Caire où il intégre le cycle universitaire d’Al-Azhar, dans la Faculté des Fondements de la Religion. En 1953, il devient major de sa promotion. Entre 1953 et 1960, Youssef Al-Qaradâwî poursuit ses études à Al-Azhar, au sein d’autres facultés. En 1957, il obtient une agrégation de lettres arabes, arrivant en tête d’une promotion de 500 étudiants. En parallèle avec ses études de lettres arabes, il suit le cursus du Département du Coran et des Sciences de la Sunnah de la Faculté des Fondements de la Religion. Il obtient son diplôme en 1960. Cette même année, il prépare sa thèse au sujet de l’aumône légale (la zakâh) et son rôle dans la résolution des problèmes sociaux. Cependant, à cause des répressions de l’époque nassérienne contre les Frères Musulmans, il n’achevera sa thèse qu’en 1973, avec la mention "Excellent".

Pendant ses études à l'institut azharite de Tantâ il rejoint le mouvement des Frères Musulmans. Au début des années 1950, il prend la responsabilité des activités du mouvement à Al-Azhar. Il est aussi membre du Comité des Volontaires d’Al-Azhar, qui lutte contre l’occupation britannique du Canal de Suez. Il va être emprisonné en 1949, puis entre 1954 et 1956 et en 1962. En 1959, il est interdit de prédication et transféré au Département de la Culture Islamique à Al-Azhar. En 1962, Al-Azhar le détache au Qatar pour occuper le poste de Président de l’Institut Secondaire des Études Religieuses. En 1977, il dirige la fondation de la Faculté de Droit musulman à l’Université du Qatar. La même année, il fonde le Centre de Recherches de la Sîrah et de la Sunnah.

Il est l’auteur de plus de quatre-vingts ouvrages dans diverses branches des sciences islamiques. Il anime ainsi chaque semaine l’émission "Hady Al-Islâm" (La Guidance de l’Islam) sur la chaîne nationale du Qatar. Il est également l’invité de l’émission "Ash-Sharî`ah Wal-Hayâh" (La Législation islamique et la Vie) de la chaîne Al-Jazîrah.

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13. byar 10/02/2011

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14. djahida 13/12/2010

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15. Ouazzani Nawal 20/06/2010

Salam oualaikoum,
J'ai un sérieux problème qui est le suivant: Je suis musulmane et je fais mes prières. Je suis mariée depuis 10 ans avec un homme mouslim qui est devenu depuis quelques années membre d'une secte satanique qui pratique de la magie noire. Il veut me convertir au satanisme, il m'influence petit à petit pour que je ne jeûne plus le ramadan et il infuence nos 2 enfants de 7 et 4 ans pour détester l'Islam.
Que doit-je faire?
Est ce qu'il y a un espoir pour que mon mari (que j'aime et qui est le père de mes enfants) revienne à Dieu? Et comment je peux faire pour l'aider à revenir à Dieu et à lIslam? tout en sachant que son père était un grand Allam de l'Islam bon et pieux et qui présidait tous les Vendredi à la Mosquée la prière des musulmans.
Je vous remercie.

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